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Civil war

Response from passage

            Historian Shelby Foote asserted that the understanding of the American nation should have a basis on the understanding of Civil War. According to him, Civil War was the cornerstone of the many reforms that the American nation has witnessed regarding the rights of different races. The American Civil War is termed as the basis for the abolishment of slavery in the United States as well as the change in the moral and cultural attitudes of the American people (Alan, 2002).

The aspects of American democracy, the rise of the American economy, changing political parties, strengthening the federal government, and improving the race relations in America were critical after the Civil War (Foner, 2011). In reference to the quoted passage, it is evident that an understanding of the American Civil War is crucial in understanding what shaped the nation and its people to be who they are today. Despite the impacts of the Civil being good or bad, it is important to understand its roots in Civil War. The 20th Century has had a fair share of differences in race relations, but it is not comparable to what was witnessed in the mid-19th century when slavery was real, and people acted as though they were different from other humans of a different race.

How Civil War defined Americans

            Civil War defined Americans in various ways. In spite of being the most deadly event, it was as well the most important event throughout the nation’s history. There were tensions in the Constitution that led to brutal war resulting in the death of more than 600,000 lives and dividing America into two. Slavery was at the heart of the conflict, and despite the Thirteenth Amendment enactment, race relations continued being evident in the American politics and society. The War defined Americans by facilitating the end of Slavery, increasing American economic power, and making it a single nation other than a conglomerate of states. The War was also significant in leading to American Revolution and creation of the U.S Constitution. The Civil War changed the language used in describing the nation by terming it as one nation, indivisible, and not different States with different practices (Davis, 2003).

            The impact of Civil War cannot be underestimated since it led to the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution. The issue of slavery dominated the American nation before the start of Civil War and was the most divisive issue since independence regarding moral, social, political, and economic aspects. The Civil War was crucial in defining Americans since it paved the way for legislation on Civil Rights for the future years. The War also established that Abraham Lincoln was the most important figures in the United States and the history of the world. The War also helped to establish the American military tradition and helped to push the South away from a farming economy (Foner, 2011).

Why the South lost in the war

            The North won the war despite the Southern generals like Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson being brilliant and also lost fewer men than the North. The war took long since the officers had similar training, but still, the North won it due to several reasons. The North won the war since the South had no money and friends and also failed to convince the major European powers to join the fight against the North. The Southern economy depended on agriculture and at the start of Civil War; there was one iron foundry in the entire region. European nations depended on the South for cotton, and the Southern side thought that Britain would intervene in the war to assist them (Donald, 2015).

            The North depended on the industrial economy which was not based on the changes in the environment. The North had railroads that helped to transport supplies and uniforms to them from the factories. The North has an immense population and immigration in comparison to the South. The North was successful in blocking the South using the U.S merchant marine fleet and ships. The North also boasted of an established government that understood how to work together. The Emancipation Proclamation given by President Lincoln worked to their advantage by encouraging international assistance to the North. The North was keen on recruiting black men and freed slaves into its Union Army after the approval of Emancipation Proclamation; a move tried by the South unsuccessfully. The South misused their resources during the earlier conventional offensives against the North’s communication transportation infrastructure. It was also evident that the North benefited from other world powers assistance, which the South was short of. The South defeat could also be associated with stress, poor morale, and lack of Confederate will which was different from the North whose officers had the ability and willingness to continue fighting (Donald, 2015).

            Among the Civil War battles were the First Battle of Bull Run *July 21st, 1861), the “Second Battle of Bull Run” (August 28 to 30th 1862), and the battle of Antietam (September 17th) among others.  The “first battle of Bull Run” was the first significant engagement of the American Civil War involving the Union soldiers at Manassas Junction.  The second battle of Bull Run War led to a defeat of the Union troops and the Confederate victory set the stage for the first invasion of the North. The battle of Antietam was at Maryland and considered the bloodiest in a single day in American history and helped to turn back the first invasion by Robert E. Lee to the North. After the invasion, Abraham Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation (McNamara, 2017). The different battles demonstrate the nature of the Civil War that saw the South lose to the North.  


Alan F. (2002) The American Civil War; Hodder & Stoughton

Davis, J. M. M. G. H. (2003). The Illustrated Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era: Oxford University Press, USA.

Donald, D. H. (2015) Why the North Won the Civil War: Pickle Partners Publishing.

Foner, E. (2011) Reconstruction: America’s unfinished revolution, 1863-1877. Harper Collins

McNamara R. (2017) Major Battles of the Civil War: Significant Battles of the Civil War and their consequences. Humanities: History and Culture, retrieved from

Carolyn Morgan is the author of this paper. A senior editor at MeldaResearch.Com in research paper writing services if you need a similar paper you can place your order from Top American Writing Services.

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