Traveling at speeds of up to one hundred miles per hour, hundreds of feet up in the air, roller coasters theme park rides are the most thrilling of all amusement rides. Whether strapped into a miniature “train,” dangling chairlift style or even standing up, roller coaster fans enjoy the sensation of not being in control. Besides being built for the enjoyment of enthusiasts, roller coasters are also objects of local pride. The famous wooden Coney Island Cyclone was a New York City landmark in the early twentieth century. In the 1920s, boardwalk roller coasters helped publicize beach resorts. In the twenty-first century, roller coasters are the centerpieces of all big amusement parks.
However intricate the twists, turns, and loops of the track might be, roller coasters are really very simple. The cars carry enough energy from the first big downhill to take them through the rest of the course. In the twenty-first century, the cars are often launched from the start, rather than climbing a *****, but the principle is the same. With names like Cyclone, Fireball, Superman, and The Big One, roller-coaster design in the twenty-first century is a fusion of high-tech construction, computer control, and big talk. But no modern roller coaster can match the scale or speed of the first American roller coaster. Built to carry coal from the mines in the Pennsylvania mountains, the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway became a tourist attraction in 1870 and operated safely until 1933. Passengers paid one dollar for the scenic twenty-mile ride up the mountain, where they could eat lunch at a hotel near the summit. On the terrifying return trip, the cars are reputed to have reached speeds of over one hundred miles an hour.
Although rickety wooden roller coasters are still in operation, steel roller coasters, pioneered by Disney (see entry under the 1920s—Film and Theater in volume 2) in the 1950s, are the most common coasters today. They make possible “corkscrews,” loops, and unsettling “inversions.” Roller coasters will always be dangerous, because people misbehave or because they react badly to “negative Gs” (the feeling of weightlessness). Designers have pushed at the limits of safety, and mechanical failures occasionally happen. But part of the enjoyment of riding a “coaster” is being afraid while feeling just safe enough. Check Beston safe and quality kids roller coaster and giant roller coaster ride here: https://bestonparkrides.com/roller-coaster-for-sale/.
Article Source: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/culture-magazines/roller-coasters