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Holism vs. Reductionism

Reductionism based on system operations refers to as fragmentation of events and objects from a complex issue. The concept of fragmentation in complex issues helps to understand small divisions so as to solve and get possible solutions to any challenge. In reducing the stress of the existing complex issues, each of the section divided in the given challenge get handed in a separate situation. At times, the strategy fails to offer positive results when the areas tend to operate in a single unit. The challenge at each different setting gets handled through a different approach, something that doesn’t fulfill as a solution when the entire concept of issues gets factored out. So as to enhance accuracy, the strategy fails to factor the wholeness of the project for its primarily focuses on single tasks (Mehta & Bilén, 2014).

The analysis of activities might get a higher task within the reduction process. Based on researchers, the risk may also get higher at the time when designers are in the process of pre-structuring the reduced parts of different issues together for proper operations. Predictors at all times must get highlighted within an order. Failure of the interconnection within a task is dependent on one single system something that leads to something challenging so as to achieve the best output. Because of the unawareness of different attributes or elements of nature in components, it becomes a greater risk towards the implementation of reductionism in dealing with certain complex activities. Such concepts may develop some conflicts to the huge loss based on different aspect, mostly in cost and time needed. It is common that understanding the connections between the elements must get greater concern compared to that of the qualities of the elements in all cases (Mignan, 2011).

Reductionism as a principle allows users to realize their targets in the best manner. These firms have always achieved their end targets; thus it’s appropriate to assume and conclude that reductionism functions. In its operations, problems or challenges get broken down into constituent parts, and later they get reconstituted into a whole situation so as to offer one systemic understanding. In another way, individual sub-challenges may acquire self-related solutions that do not have any reference to other elements and parts of understanding the entire situation of challenges. Reductionism is with no doubts the paradigm of understanding in which it gets applied by the human race to different differing situations with great success in the system (Jackson, 2009).
The concept of breaking challenges into constituent parts do comes in a natural way in the society. It may also get some directions towards relieving the burden of system bounded rationality. In this situation, reductionism approaches help in understanding complex concepts through subdivision of the target situation into the constituent elements. Through the use of this approach, there exist implicit assumption that, the approach has little attempt or the need for understanding the context of the entire problem system (Mehta & Bilén, 2014).

Although there are those who thinks that holism is a new concept, research shows that this is not a new thing. Holism is an approach that has been in the world of social and sciences for the general quality purpose. Also, holism got used in methodological and ethno-methodologies for related case activities. The approach offers a suitable aspect so as to understand and check the object as an entire system. In a situation where experts follow holistic method for the case studies, the entire thing within the cases becomes case oriented. Researchers use a holistic approach in the process of examining various concepts so as to get a conclusion on the complex information such as patterns, configuration, and processes among others. The approach also helps towards understanding the system in a collective manner. These may function appropriately in areas of group culture, team spirit or at working for a company (Verschuren, 2011).

Holistic observation assists to understand the physical, as well as verbal behavior spontaneously in the standing element of the approach observation. It may apply the non-stimuli verbal instead of using the common verbal stimuli approach. According to experts, holistic approach observation should at all-time kick off by the placed research context. The approach, in this case, is to run and operate through the material for each situation of the individual question in use. It is an approach the help in different situations such as in helping understand the key objects in relation to the needs and commonly allows users see aspects in parallel setting at all times (Jackson, 2009).

In the holistic approach, the research strategy adopted does use the qualitative comparison instead of using qualification approach. It assists its operations in the casual interference towards the promotion of theory related actions. According to research, the ideal nature of holistic strategy exists in an iterative parallel strategy. It assists most research academics within the unplanned nature based on the need of the individual setting. For instance, it applies effectively to the information that gets gathered at the last. It is also ideal for building the earlier stages of the project. The integral element of the iterative parallel strategy is part of the qualitative methodology. It is where experts fail to experience the difference between analyzing the research material as well as in the writing research material so as to come up with a report. There exist other elements of iterative processes that offers a way for a reciprocal relationship in the field of data and theory of applicability (Mignan, 2011).

Based on the complexity element and nature of systems, holism or the system thinking approach offers the best services. Most of the firms in the current world do face various setbacks in response to growth and progress. Through the use of holism, various alterations might get develop so as to help in the successful running of an organization. If the management of an organization fails to use holistic approach, the firm may then face different challenges. Due to the help of holistic approach, every component in a system might get analyzed. Through such analysis, it helps the user to make an understanding of the system desired. In simple terms, holism gives appropriate setting in undertaking different components and settings of organization systems (Verschuren, 2011).
Compare and Contrast

Holism is an alternative approach to the platform of system thinking. Apart from identifying the parts in the system thinking, it also assists users in understanding the evolution of new and different elements from the old entities. In other words, holism is the best approach compared to reductionism in matters of system thinking. According to experts, reductionism assists in detecting the parts, helps to understand the interconnections of the organization network system and allows users identify the existing work conditions at all levels of operations. Both reductionism and holism assists in the process of understanding the nature of the organization system. They also help towards the improvement of the system thinking at different operational setting. In the organization operations, system thinking becomes applicable and useful in different aspects of the world. The two approaches are applicable to biology, information technology, architecture, and sociology among others (Jackson, 2009).

As compared to reductionism, holism holds various benefits in its applicability. In simple terms, holism is the anti-thesis approach of reductionism in the system thinking platform. So as create a platform that will help understand the entire system, it is suitable to use holistic approach. Holism is more applicable in different areas because, apart from dividing the interconnections of the set components in a system aspect, it also assists to understand the system as a whole element. According to results from studies developed by experts, holism assists in the element of behavior and attitude pointing in a structure. Holism also creates appropriate setting that gets used in explaining the principles. In the use of reductionism, users experience some advantages as well. The approach assists in explaining the system in relation to data although it lacks the capacity to get the required principles. According to experts, reductionism fails to provide a philosophical capacity of research and study purpose (Jackson, 2013).


Jackson, M.C (2009). Creative Holism: a critical systems approach to complex problem situations. Systems research & behavioral science, 23(5), 647-657. Doi: 10.1002/sres.799

Jackson, M.C. (2013). Systems thinking: creative holism for managers. (pp. 3-5). England, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Mehta, K., & Bilén, S. (2014). The aspect of Systems Thinking and the Quest for Social Enterprises. Systemic Practice & Action Research, 27(6), 593-606. Doi: 10.1007/s11213-013-9313-9.

Verschuren, P.M (2011). System Reductionism in Modern Social Science Research, Quality and Quantity, 35(4). 389

Sherry Roberts is the author of this paper. A senior editor at MeldaResearch.Com in nursing essay writing service services. If you need a similar paper you can place your order from research paper services.

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