1. Provide a brief overview of your topic
The social institution selected in this paper is family. The family is defined as the most fundamental social institution in the society and is made up of one or more people related to each other by bonds of blood, legal ties or ****** mating, or living in the same dwelling. This important social institution in the society plays critical roles such as ensuring continuity of generations. However, it is also faced with various problems that threaten this social unit that has survived and adapted through centuries. The different problems include divorce, domestic violence and child abuse, poverty, separation, and so on.
The issue that the paper focuses on concerning family is domestic violence and child abuse. Domestic violence is commonly defined as the occurrence of threatening behaviors, violence or ill-treatment incidents between adults who are or have been in an intimate or family-type relationship together, or between family members, regardless of gender or sexuality (Covington, 2008). The most common form of family violence is that against women in the household and is perpetrated by husbands and partners. The violence may include physical, ****** (****), emotional or financial abuse. ****** abuse of children is also a common form of abuse in the family. ****** abuse of children is defined as the performing of ****** acts by adults with children who are below the age of consent. Family violence has become a distressing issue in the society with numerous of cases been reported each day while thousands more remain unreported. Family violence leads to problems such as divorce and separation of families and partners. Domestic violence against women has severe consequences on the victim that include death, physical injury, psychological trauma and also that most victims of domestic violence are more likely to commit suicide as compared to those who are not. Family violence and ****** abuse on children cause problems such as physical and emotional issues, poor academic performance and early pregnancies. The issue of domestic violence has received widespread recognition around the world, and numerous efforts have been introduced to stop the behaviors.
2. First article
The first article summarized concerning family violence is “The effects of child abuse and exposure to domestic violence on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behavior problems” published in 2010 and authored by Moylan and colleagues. The aim of the sociological study is to assess the effects of child abuse and domestic violence exposure in childhood on teenager internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Approximately between 3.3 million and 10 million children are exposed to family violence in their homes; therefore the study focused on strengthening research on the unique and combined consequences of exposure to family violence on psychosocial outcomes in adolescence (Moylan, et. al, 2010). The study obtains data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of 457 youth who address the outcomes of family violence and resilience in families and individuals. The study results indicate that the exposure of any form or combination of family violence increases a child’s risks for internalizing as well as externalizing outcomes in adolescence. The study concludes that all violence-exposed groups in a family have a higher level of internalizing and externalizing behavior outcomes as compared to no-violence-exposure groups. This study is significant in understanding the implications associated with intimate partner violence and child abuse.
3. Second article.
The second article concerned with intimate family violence is “All in the family: Violence against women, children and the aged” published in 2009 by Sev’er, Aysan. The article recognizes the various myths about the ‘loving’ family. According to the article, the truth is that some families are indeed close and loving, whereas, others have a mix of loving and conflictual relationships. The article also presents the general definitions of important terms concerning family violence, which are abuse, violence, spousal violence, and neglect. The article also introduces different theories about family violence. Feminist research and theory have been essential in the creation of awareness of the hierarchical power in most family units, and consequently, feminists question about the generic terms of abuse. The feminist prefer the use of terms such as ‘wife abuse,’ woman abuse,’ ‘violence against female partners’ as well as ‘child abuse,’ instead of terms such as ‘domestic abuse’ or ‘family violence.’ The article also discusses various forms of child abuse that include intimate partner violence, child abuse, and psychosocial abuse. The article is vital in increasing awareness of the various forms of family violence, their prevalence in the society and why it is necessary to strive to end abuse and violence in the homestead.
issue of domestic violence regardless of sexuality and gender and child abuse
is a significant problem in the modern society that must be stopped by all
means. Sociological research on the various forms of family violence that
include neglect, physical abuse, emotional abuse, ****** abuse, spiritual
abuse, and economic abuse have led to increased awareness on the issue as well
as assisted policymakers and other involved stakeholders in finding solutions.
Domestic violence and child abuse lead to significant social problems that
include divorce, death, ******, separation, children suffering and
psychological trauma on the victims.
Covington, P. (2008). Success in Sociology: AS Student Book AQA. Folens Limited.
Moylan, C. A., Herrenkohl, T. I., Sousa, C., Tajima, E. A., Herrenkohl, R. C., & Russo, M. J. (2010). The effects of child abuse and exposure to domestic violence on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Journal of family Violence, 25(1), 53-63.
Sev’er, A. (2009). All in the family: Violence against women, children and the aged. Oxford University Press.