Women, slaves, and free blacks
Q1. At the beginning of the war, the northern women were being admonished because they appeared as not patriotic as their counterparts. The northern women played a major role in supporting their soldiers (Harper, 2004). They were responsible for taking the goods to the markets, and they were also part of the business world. The northern women participated by organizing to supply the Union troops with everything that they needed including food, clothing, and cash (Brackman, 2010). The women also cared for the sick and the injured soldiers and ensured that the troops were safe and healthy.
Q2. The southern women did endure horrors associated with having war at the doorsteps and field because of the invasion of Union troops. The southern women also joined the volunteer brigades, and they signed up to work as nurses. The southern women did have fewer resources and less money and did much of their work through relief societies (Brackman, 2010). They also played the role of cooking and sewing for their boys. They offered blankets, sandbags, uniforms, and other supplies for the regiment. The southern women also worked as nurses in caring for the soldiers.
Q3. The civil war affected the northern and southern women in almost the same way. The home environments for all women changes drastically and the domestic gender roles started shifting as women took on the responsibilities around the home that men previously did (Harper, 2004). Women also started changing their occupations as women in both south and north became nurses and doctors so as to help the injured soldiers (Harper, 2004). The war affected both groups of women regarding paving the way for their future liberation. As women were forced to fill the men’s shoe, they did learn how to provide for themselves.
Q4. The black slaves did play a significant role in the civil war. The free black slaves were allowed to enlist. Some of the slaves worked as cooks, blacksmiths, and nurses. They were also used in building fortification and performing some camp duties. Some of the escaped slaves were recruited as spies and would return to ***** territory with the white agents posing as the masters (Nolen, 2005). The black slaves were considered as ***** labor force and brought along by their masters so as to tend to the needs of their masters in the camp. The slaves were being entrusted with the personal effects of the master if the master was killed and required to return them to his family.
Q5. The free blacks did volunteer to work as the union soldiers. The blacks also worked as chaplains, guards, nurses, spies, laborers, pilots, surgeons, teamsters, and carpenters. The black soldiers did serve in infantry and artillery, and they conducted all noncombat support functions so as to sustain the army (Nolen, 2005). Due to prejudice, the black people were not used in combat as extensively; however, they served with distinction in several battles.
The civil war affected the free blacks and ***** blacks almost in the same way.
The civil war appeared to be a supply of hope for the slaves. In the case that
the North won, the slaves would be free. The war did offer a great opportunity
for the black slaves to escape from harsh environment (Nolen, 2005). Those
slaves who did not escape suffered a lot and faced more abuse on the front line
than they did while in the plantations.
Brackman, B (2010). Civil War women. C&T Publishing Inc
Harper, J (2004) Women during a civil war. Routledge
Nolen, C (2005). African American southerners in the slavery, civil war, and reconstruction. McFarland
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